Self-Organization In Non-Equilibrium Systems. G. Nicolis, Ilya Prigogine
ISBN: 0471024015,9780471024019 | 504 pages | 13 Mb
Self-Organization In Non-Equilibrium Systems G. Nicolis, Ilya Prigogine
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
A self-organizing system “refers to the auto-organization or emergent order in complex, adaptive systems (Prigogine & Stengers, 1984). A viable formulation must be adopted to describe the statistical time evolution of the mesoscopic non-equilibrium system over time scales of 102 to 104 ms (Haken, 1975, 1978; van Kampen, 1976). Roughly, self-organized criticality describes a system that naturally evolves into a barely-stable non-equilibrium condition, where the instability is characterized by scale invariance. This feature is intimately connected with Feature (B) because . A non-technical treatment of critical phenomena may be found in Wilson (1979). Self-assembly and self-organisation are important concepts in both nanotechnology and biology, but the distinction between them isn't readily apparent, and this can cause considerable confusion, particularly when the other self-word below, while in chemistry there are the beautiful patterns you get from systems that combine some rather special non-linear chemical kinetics with slow diffusion – the Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction being the most famous example. As these systems approach a phase transition, they enter a far-from-equilibrium state wherein self-organized patterns tend to emerge, and at a critical point (e.g., of temperature), there is a discontinuous jump to the new phase. Rate equations, to study these effects on self-organization. The anarchist left puts its faith in self-organizing movements of dissidence and protest, with the (non-)goal being a spontaneously self-organized cooperative society. According to the first way, one is a vitalist if one believes there is some nonphysical substance or principle that is superadded to the matter composing living systems. Edge.org recently published a manifesto on how science can help economists and politicians improve forecasts and regulations: Instead of being in equilibrium, markets can be understood as self-organized critical systems. According to this definition, I am not a . One obvious proposal would be to look to look upon the disciplines of “self-organization”—principally nonlinear dynamics and nonequilibrium thermodynamics—as a necessary but not sufficient step towards understanding life. At the expense of larger global entropy production, suggesting that the study of living systems from a non-equilibrium perspective would reconcile biological self-organization and the inorganic world (Schrödinger, 1944). Essentially the Gaia Hypothesis sees the world as a system in homeostatic equilibrium — in much the same ways that individual cells or organisms are self-maintaining, homeostatic systems. Gaia is cybernetically, or autopoietically, self- regulating . Dynamic systems and chaos theorists will pay particular attention to far-from-equilibrium conditions, and more precisely to the order which emerges at the critical threshold between equilibrium and non-equilibrium chaos.
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